Sex@Iowa is a sexual health blog published during the fall and spring semesters in which two University of Iowa Student Health physicians, Ann Laros, M.D. and Eric Evans, M.D. will answer questions from UI students. Questions used are selected from those submitted by UI students to the Student Health web site and from questions asked during campus presentations by Drs. Laros and Evans.
Do not read this if you are offended by open talk of a sexual nature.
Sex@Iowa does not provide medical advice, diagnoses or treatment. This information is not meant to replace medical care and advice from your own healthcare provider.
“Can I get an HIV infection from urine? This past weekend, my roommate was drunk and he urinated all over my backpack. I picked up the backpack and emptied out the contents and then held it under the faucet in the bathtub to rinse it out. Should I make him get an HIV test? What’s my risk of getting HIV?”
…PISSED at my roommate
From Centers for Disease Control (link):
How is HIV passed from one person to another? expanded
Only certain fluids—blood, semen (cum), pre-seminal fluid (pre-cum), rectal fluids, vaginal fluids, and breast milk—from an HIV-infected person can transmit HIV. These fluids must come in contact with a mucous membrane or damaged tissue or be directly injected into the bloodstream (from a needle or syringe) for transmission to possibly occur. Mucous membranes can be found inside the rectum, the vagina, the opening of the penis, and the mouth.
In the United States, HIV is spread mainly by
- Having unprotected sex (sex without a condom) with someone who has HIV.Sharing needles, syringes, rinse water, or other equipment (works) used to prepare injection drugs with someone who has HIV.
- Anal sex is the highest-risk sexual behavior. Receptive anal sex (bottoming) is riskier than insertive anal sex (topping).
- Vaginal sex is the second highest-risk sexual behavior.
- Having multiple sex partners or having other sexually transmitted infections can increase the risk of infection through sex.
Less commonly, HIV may be spread by
- Being born to an infected mother. HIV can be passed from mother to child during pregnancy, birth, or breastfeeding.
- Being stuck with an HIV-contaminated needle or other sharp object. This is a risk mainly for health care workers.
- Receiving blood transfusions, blood products, or organ/tissue transplants that are contaminated with HIV. This risk is extremely small because of rigorous testing of the US blood supply and donated organs and tissues.
- Eating food that has been pre-chewed by an HIV-infected person. The contamination occurs when infected blood from a caregiver’s mouth mixes with food while chewing, and is very rare.
- Being bitten by a person with HIV. Each of the very small number of documented cases has involved severe trauma with extensive tissue damage and the presence of blood. There is no risk of transmission if the skin is not broken.
- Oral sex—using the mouth to stimulate the penis, vagina, or anus (fellatio, cunnilingus, and rimming). Giving fellatio (mouth to penis oral sex) and having the person ejaculate (cum) in your mouth is riskier than other types of oral sex.
- Contact between broken skin, wounds, or mucous membranes and HIV-infected blood or blood-contaminated body fluids. These reports have also been extremely rare.
- Deep, open-mouth kissing if the person with HIV has sores or bleeding gums and blood is exchanged. HIV is not spread through saliva. Transmission through kissing alone is extremely rare.
So, you should be OK. While a urine-soaked backpack does not sound like a lot of fun, you don’t need to worry about contracting an HIV infection from touching the backpack while you were rinsing it out. No need to ask your roommate to get an HIV test for that reason alone. Maybe some other roommate discussions about appropriate behavior and excessive alcohol use might be in order?
Check out this site for information on contraception, how to talk about sex and other related information:
Click on this link:
From that site:
Bedsider.org (Bedsider) is an online birth control support network for women 18-29 operated by The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy, a private non-profit organization. Bedsider is not funded by pharmaceutical companies. Or the government. Bedsider is totally independent and the info on it is honest and unbiased. Our goal is to help women find the method of birth control that’s right for them and learn how to use it consistently and effectively, and that’s it.
And another nice site, a “sister site” to Bedsider.org, devoted to decreasing the rate of teen pregnancy:
We like this!
Great use of existing technology to keep you safe.
Check out this Android and iPhone app:
It’s called “Circle of 6″ and is a way to use your cell phone as a safety device, safety net and emergency response unit.
Here is a description of this app from “Circle of 6″ website:
Circle of 6 is more than a safety App: it’s a community and a state of mind. It fosters the formation of groups based on trust and accountability and promotes a culture of care, where friends look out for one another and work together to eliminate violence in their communities. Ideally, all of your friends will be part of this culture whether or not you program them into our app.
This FREE smart phone application is available for free through the Apple app store/iTunes or Google Play store:
Link to this app at Google Play Store
Link to this app at Apple Store/iTunes
Now that the end of another academic year is upon us and the Sex@Iowa blog has been around for 2 academic years and is 20 months old, it’s again time to take stock and decide where we go next. Where do we/should we go from here with this blog?
Please help us as we plan for our future. Let us know what you think via comments left for this post. If you would prefer that your comments NOT be shared, let us know that in the body of your comments and we won’t post your thoughts. Click on “leave a comment” above to the right to leave your comments.
Any comments/feedback are welcome, but we’d particularly like your thoughts on any of the following:
1. Should we stop this blog and put similar content on the Student Health and Website only or keep things separate?
2. What topics have not been addressed that you’d like to see for the future?
3. How could this blog site be easier to negotiate?
4. What posts have you found to be the most useful?
5. How did you hear about/find out about this blog?
Thank you for your readership/viewing and thanks in advance for feedback you provide.
…Drs. E and L